Голландская бородатая совиноголовая (Nederlandse Uilebaard) черноголовой раскраски (Moorkop).
Датские Совино-Бородатые (белые
чернобородые) Owl-bearded Dutch (black bearded white).
Это одна из старейших датских пород кур. Европейские художники XVI
столетия неоднократно изображали на своих картинах расположенных кряду
хохлатых и бородатых кур с типичными чертами совино-бородых датских кур
- хорошо развитой бородой и с мощным оперением на передней части шеи.
Роговидный гребень у них состоял из двух небольших выступов над большими
ноздрями. В 1900 году порода была представлена небольшим поголовьем и
находилась на грани исчезновения. Крупные кохины и брама были
распространены тогда намного больше. К счастью, немногочисленные
птицеводы, разводившие эту породу, расширили ее поголовье путем
скрещивания кур Ля-флеш с бородатыми тюрингскими петухами. На
сегодняшний день эта порода малочисленна, но регулярно представляется на
Это довольно крепкая птица с длинной шеей, глубокой, широкой и полной грудью. Датские Совино-Бородатые имеют уникальную расцветку оперения — черные голова и борода резко контрастируют на белом фоне всего остального оперения. У птицы этой породы добрый нрав и грациозная осанка. Хвост плотный, с длинными косицами. Ноги серого цвета.
Nederlandse Uilebaard, The Dutch Owlbeard, Moorkop
The Dutch Owlbeard (or Uilebaard) is a remarkable old country fowl breed from the Netherlands dating back to the early seventeenth century. During this time it was depicted in many old paintings by the Dutch Masters.
They have a very distinct look with no wattles but a beard and muffs, which cover the “chin and cheeks.” They also have a very striking horned V-shaped comb. It is a large, ornamental breed with a proud and upright stance which comes in a wide variety of colours from solid whites and blacks to cuckoo’s and spangles, culminating in the ‘moor’s head’ variety where the bird carries a solid black ‘beard’ in contrast to its body colouring. The chicks have a remarkable appearance too hatching with what appears to be a snood of fluff already around the face which will moult out into a full feathered beard as the chick develops.
It is a healthy and hardy breed, which is an excellent forager when kept free range. You can expect the hens to produce around 200 white eggs per year and they are known for their winter laying qualities, whilst the male birds will reach a good sized table weight given the right conditions. They have a calm temperament and if handled correctly by the keeper they will become trusting and feed from the hand. There is also a bantam version of the breed.
It is sad to say though that despite all their delightful qualities, they are a very rare sight these days and without the dedication of a handful of breeders they could very easily become extinct, something which has almost happened to the breed already once in its lifetime…
The Owlbeard is a very old, if not the oldest, Dutch poultry breed. It appeared in many paintings from Old Dutch masters. There is some sort of relation between it and the bearded Poland. Certain breeders believe that Polands were cultivated from this breed. Later on, crossings between them and the Kraaikop, Thüringer bearded fowl and La Flèche were made to maintain the breed. They have no wattles and instead we find a beard and muffs, which cover the "chin and cheeks." Very striking is the horned cock's V-shaped comb. This is nearly twice as high as that of the hen, respectively two and one centimetres. The Owlbeard is a rather large ornamental chicken with a beautiful upright carriage and a sloping, medium long and -wide backline. Characteristic is the broad, deep and full breast and the richly developed neck hackles. The upright tail is also well developed with nice, broad tail coverts and long, broad and well-curved sickle feathers. The eye colour is brown-red and the earlobes are white. The colour of the beak depends on the colour variety. This also is the case with the leg colour, which is white pinkish for the Cuckoo variety, light blue-grey for the White and slate blue for the Golden Spangled variety. The Owlbeard is known in Black, White, Black-laced Blue, Cuckoo, Golden and Silver Spangled, Yellow-white Spangled, Golden Pencilled, and Silver Pencilled varieties as well as the so-called Moorhead. The latter is known in White, Blue, Golden and Buff varieties with a totally black head. This is a very attractive variety.
In general, the Owlbeard is a healthy, hardy and vital breed, which satisfies best when kept on free range. When locked up they tend to become fatter than normal and egg-production will drop. This is a real showy bird to have walking free in your garden or in a park. They are good layers, excellent table birds and also good for poultry shows, where they usually get a lot of attention. They are early layers. Under the right management, they can lay at the age of just five months, but some strains will start to lay at a later age. Also, there is some difference in egg production between the colour varieties. The Black and the White are the best layers with nearly 200 eggs per hen per annum. The egg form is more oval than pointed on one side. Generally speaking, they are non-sitters but if they do hatch chicks, they are great mothers. It is a friendly intimate breed with few problems. They weigh between 1600 and 2500 grams depending on the age and sex. In Holland, we have a very active breeders club for this nice breed. The breeding basis is very small and from time to time they have been on the border of extinction from this and also because they are not as widespread as other breeds. Presently a strong and renewed interest in them is found in Holland, Germany and England.