Бентам Пекинский, Бентам
Pekin chicken, Pekin Bantam, Cochin
Bantam, Miniature Cochin
Декоративная порода китайских императоров. Пара палевых кур под
названием Пекинская бентамка, была подарена английской королеве в
1860г. в знак примирения после окончания англо – китайской войны.
Во второй раз 12 палевых карликовых Кохинхинов были завезены в Англию в
1884г. и оттуда в начале 20 века широко распространились по всей Европе.
Изначально же эта птица разводилась только в летнем Дворце китайского
императора. Кохинхин карликовый не уменьшенная копия обычных кохинхинов,
а самостоятельная порода. Вследствие обильного мягкого оперения и
круглой формы карликовые кохинхины выглядят массивными и круглыми.
У Карликовых кохинхинов корпус короткий, широкий, глубокий, слегка наклонен вперед. Фигура
Оперение поясницы очень пышное, хвост напоминает
Небольшая голова, маленький гребень, листовидный. Глаза красного цвета.
Лицо, мочки, сережки – красные. Голени покрыты мягким оперением, в
котором полностью исчезает оперение плюсен в виде «манжет». Плюсны
короткие. Создается впечатление, что птица «ползает», а не ходит, так
как совсем не видно ног.
Отличительная черта кур породы Кохинхин карликовый – мягкое оперение, напоминающее пух. Курочки
выглядят еще массивнее петуха. Птица быстро становиться ручной, является
спокойной надежной наседкой.
Наряду с обычными карликовыми кохинхинами разводят курчавую
разновидность. Окраска оперения может быть разнообразной: палевая,
белая, черная, полосатая, голубая, куропатчатая, березовая, коричневая с
Живая масса петухов породы Карликовый Кохинхин - 0,85 кг, кур – 0,75 кг.
Яйценоскость – до 80 яиц массой 30 г.
Цвет скорлупы яиц Карликовых кохинхинов – от кремового до светло – коричневого. Яйца округлой
Куры породы Кохинхин карликовый очень удобны для разведения на небольших выгулах. Разводится
многими птицеводами – любителями.
The first Pekins seen in Britain were
imported in the 1860s following the looting of the Summer Palace in
Peking during the Anglo-French Expedition. We are unsure why the “g” was
lost from the end of the word but today the correct spelling is “Pekin”.
The Pekins brought over to Britain were
Buff, which were said to be pets belonging to the Emperor of Peking.
Following their great popularity further
colours of Pekin were imported from China over following years, these
being black and cuckoos. Over the years many breeders took the Pekin on
in their breeding programmes and by crossing a black Pekin with a white
Booted Bantam, white Pekins were created.
Over the years Pekins were worked on very
enthusiastically by poultry breeders all over Britain – they may not
have had much knowledge of genetics but their dedication has resulted in
the array of colours which we see on the show bench today.
Pekin Bantams are a very docile "true bantam" - which simply means
they have no larger counterpart. They make ideal pets for families with
young, great backyard pets due to their ability to lay quite a large
amount of eggs per year, or for the more adventurous - an excellent show
Because the Pekin Bantam has such a wide following you can be sure to
find a reputable breeder not too far away from your area. Our club has a
list of breeders detailing their location and colours kept which can be
purchased from our Treasurer.
Pekin Bantam Breed
Classification: True Bantam
Egg Colour: White or cream
This is a genuine bantam breed, very old and having no real relationship
to the large breed of Cochins. It was imported from Pekin in the middle
of the nineteenth century, hence its name. In recent years new colours
have been added to the standard.
Type: Body short and broad. Back short, increasing in breadth to the
saddle, which should be very full, rising well from between the
shoulders and furnished with long soft feathers. Breast deep and full.
Wings short, tightly tucked up, the ends hidden by saddle hackle. Tail
very short and full, soft and without hard quill feathers, with abundant
converts almost hiding main tail feathers, the whole forming one
unbroken duplex curve with back and saddle. General type: tail should be
carried higher than the head – ‘tilt’.
Head: Skull small and fine. Beak rather short, stout, slightly curved.
Eyes large and bright. Comb single, small, firm, perfectly straight and
erect, well serrated, curved from front to back. Face smooth and fine,
ear-lobes smooth and fine, preferably nearly as long as the wattles,
which are long, ample, smooth and rounded.
Neck: Short, carried forward with abundant long hackle reaching well
down the back.
Legs and feet: Legs short and well apart. Stout thighs hidden by
plentiful fluff. Hocks completed covered with soft feathers curling
round the joints (stiff feathers forming ‘vulture hocks’ are
objectionable but not disqualification). Shanks short and thick,
abundantly covered with soft outstanding feathers. Toes, four, strong
and straight, the middle and outer toes plentifully covered with soft
feathers to their tips.
Plumage: Very abundant, long and wide, quite soft with very full fluff.
Type: With the exception of the back (rising into a very full and
rounded cushion) the general characteristics are similar to those of the
male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.
Pekin Bantam Colour
Male and female plumage: Rich sound black with lustrous beetle-green
sheen throughout, free of white or coloured feathers (Note: some light
undercolour in adult males is permissible as long as it does not show
Male and female plumage: A rich pale blue (Pigeon blue preferred) free
from lacing, but with rich dark blue hackles, back and tail in male.
Male and female plumage: Sound buff, of a perfectly even shade
throughout, quite sound to roots of feathers, and free from black, white
or bronze feathers. The exact shade of buff is not material so long as
it is level throughout and free from shaftiness, mealiness or lacing. (Note:
A pale ‘lemon buff’ is usually preferred in the show-pen).
Male and female plumage: Evenly banded with dark slate on light French
grey ground colour.
Male and female plumage: Evenly mottled with white at the tip of each
feather on a rich black with beetle-green sheen.
Male and female plumage: Each feather barred across with black bars,
having a beetle-green sheen on a white background. The barring to be
equal proportions of black and white. The colours to be sharply defined
and not blurred or shaded off. Barring should continue through the shaft
and into the underfluff, and each feather must finish with a black tip.
Plumage should present a bluish, steely appearance free from brassiness
and of a uniform shade throughout.
Male and female plumage: Pearl-white with black markings. Head and neck
white with dense black stripe down middle of each feather, free from
black edgings or black tips. Saddle pearl-white. Tail feathers and tail
converts glossy green-black, the coverts laced or not with white.
Primaries black, or black edged with white; secondaries black on inner
edge, white outer. Remainder of plumage entirely white, of pearl-grey
shade, free from ticking. Undercolour either slate, blue-white or white.
Male and female plumage:
The lavender is not a lighter shade of the blue Pekin. It is different
genetically and is of a lighter more silver tint without the darker
shade associated with the normal blue. The silver that is most obvious
in the neck and saddle hackle feathers of the male.
Male plumage: Head dark orange-red, neck hackle bright orange or golden-red, becoming
lighter towards the shoulders and preferably shading off as near lemon
colour as possible, each feather distinctly striped down the middle with
black, and free from shaftiness, black tipping or black fringe. Saddle
hackle to resemble neck hackle as nearly as possible, Breast, thighs,
underparts, tail, coverts, wing butts and foot feather, hock feather and
fluff lustrous green-black, free from grey, rust or white. Back,
shoulder coverts and wing bow rich crimson. Primaries black, free from
white or grizzle, secondaries black inner web, bay outer, showing a
distinct wing bay when closed.
Female plumage: Head and neck hackle light gold or straw, each feather distinctly
striped down middle with black. Remainder clear light partridge brown,
finely and evenly pencilled all over with concentric rings of dark shade
(preferably glossy green-black). The whole of uniform shade and marking,
and the ground colour of the soft brown shade frequently described as
the colour of a dead oak leaf, with three concentric rings of pencilling
or more over as much of the plumage as possible.
Male and female plumage: Pure snow-white, free from cream or yellow
tinge, or black splashes or peppering.
Male plumage: Hackle, back, saddle, shoulder coverts and wing bows silver white, the
neck hackle with narrow black striping. Remainder rich black, the breast
having a narrow silver margin around each feather, giving it a regular
laced appearance gradually diminishing to perfect black thighs.
Female plumage: Hackle similar to that of the male. Remainder rich black, the breast
very delicately laced as in the male.
The Silver Partridge:
Head silver-white, neck hackle silver-white, each feather distinctly
striped with black and free from shaftiness, black tipping or black
fringe. Saddle hackle to resemble neck hackle as nearly as possible.
Breast, underparts, tail coverts, wing butts and foot feather, hock
feather and fluff, lustrous green black, free from grey or white. Back,
shoulder coverts and wing bow black. Primaries black, free from grizzle;
Secondaries – black inner webb, white outer, showing a distinct wing bay
Female plumage: Head and neck silver white, each feather distinctly striped down the
middle with black. Remainder silver grey, finely and evenly pencilled
all over with concentric rings of dark shade, (preferably glossy
green-black). The whole of uniform shade and markings with three
concentric rings of pencilling or more, over as much of plumage as
In both sexes and all colours
Beak yellow, but in dark colours may be shaded with black or horn. Eyes
red, orange or yellow-red preferred. Comb, face, wattles and ear-lobes
bright red. Legs and feet yellow. (Dark legs permissible in blacks if
the soles of the feet and back of shanks are yellow).
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